Sunday, 14 January 2018

Is marriage in Islam "just a contract" ?!

Marriage (nikah) is a solemn and sacred social contract between bride and groom. This contract is a strong covenant (mithaqun ghalithun) as expressed in Quran 4:21. The marriage contract in Islam is not a sacrament. It is revocable.

Muslims don't say it's just a CONTRACT!

Marriage can be reviewed from two different perspectives:
1) A sentimental (or psychological) perspective
2) A legal (or societal) perspective

Form a sentimental (or psychological) perspective, marriage is described in Islam as follows:

"And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect."
----- Qur'an, 30:21

"But if ye decide to take one wife in place of another, even if ye had given the latter a whole treasure for dower, Take not the least bit of it back: Would ye take it by slander and manifest wrong? And how could ye take it when ye have gone in unto each other, and they have taken from you most solemn pledge?"

----- Qur'an, 4:20-21

From a legal (or societal) perspective, marriage is described in Islam as follows:

"There is no blame on you if ye make an offer of betrothal or hold it in your hearts. Allah knows that ye cherish them in your hearts: But do not make a secret contract with them except in terms Honourable, nor resolve on marriage contract till the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah Knoweth what is in your hearts, and take heed of Him; and know that Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Forbearing."
----- Qur'an, 2:235

As you can see, Islam tends to cover all aspect of a marital life, both the psychological and legal aspects. Islam is not just about psychological and spiritual aspect of life rather it supervises the whole aspects of the life of a Muslim.

There is divorce concept in Islam and It's considered the last resort in case of mismatched spouse/Impossiblity of healthy relationship.

In the Quran, the Arabic word “uqdah” is used for marriage, which means “knot” or “tie”. A knot is used to secure a firm connection. knots are also used to provide aesthetic beauty, sturdiness and stability, in addition to securing connections. As all the members “tied” together in this lovely union grow and mature with time. (Source)

Marriage in Islam is (defined as) a source of tranquility, love and mercy for humans and a solid pledge from one given perspective and it is (defined as) a contract from another relevant perspective.
There is divorce in Islam because Islam tends to look at marriage from both perspectives.

There is no divorce in Hinduism because Hinduism tends not to look at marriage from a legal perspective.
And, divorce in Islam is defined as the last solution for an unsuccessful marriage in which life between the wife and husband cannot carry on.

And, if Islam were to look at marriage as a solemn pledge only, there would be no way to terminate an unsuccessful marital life and that would lead to increasing misery and enmity.

Islam always strikes a balance between two or more extremes. Islam is the middle path.

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