Friday, 30 October 2015

Merits of Islam in the Area of Ethics

‏ ‎1-Islam calls for self-discipline and forbids a person from reacting to self ‎urges. ‎

‎ As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely ‎guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allâh's Religion - Islâmic Monotheism). ‎And verily, Allâh is with the Muhsinûn (good doers)." ‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), used to say: ‎‎"The best of you are those who have the most excellent morals."‎

2-Islam demands good treatment of parents to the degree that it is ‎connected with monotheism.‎

‎17: 23. And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And ‎that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain ‎old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at ‎them but address them in terms of honour. 24. And lower unto them the ‎wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: "My Lord! ‎Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small." ‎
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‎3-Islam prohibits arrogance and looking down on others. Arrogance is ‎one of the characteristics of Satan.‎

‎28: 76. Verily, Qârûn (Korah) was of Mûsa's (Moses) people, but he ‎behaved arrogantly towards them. And We gave him of the treasures, that ‎of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. ‎When his people said to him: "Do not be glad (with ungratefulness to ‎Allâh's Favours). Verily! Allâh likes not those who are glad (with ‎ungratefulness to Allâh's Favours). ‎

‎23: 37. And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you ‎can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like ‎the mountains in height.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “No one ‎who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” ‎A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, what if a man likes his clothes and ‎his shoes to look good?” He said, “Allah is Beautiful and loves beauty. ‎Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.” ‎

‎4-Tattling (nameemah) is a major sin. It means telling some people what ‎others have said about them in order to cause trouble among them.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “No person ‎who spreads nameemah will enter Paradise.” According to another report, ‎‎“No eavesdropper (qattaat)…A qattaat is someone who spreads ‎nameemah.‎

‎5-Islam prohibits lying. One of the worst kinds of lying is to lie about ‎dreams, like fabricating dreams and visions in order to prove one’s virtue, ‎or make some material gains, or to frighten an enemy.‎

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‎‎‘You must be truthful, for truthfulness leads to righteousness and ‎righteousness leads to Paradise. A man will keep speaking the truth and ‎striving to speak the truth until he will be recorded with Allah as a ‎siddeeq (speaker of the truth). Beware of telling lies, for lying leads to ‎immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A man will keep telling lies ‎and striving to tell lies until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.”‎‏ ‏

‎6-Islam forbids baseless suspicions, because it results in distrust and bad ‎relationships. ‎

‎49: 12. O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some ‎suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one ‎of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate ‎backbiting) . And fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is the One Who accepts ‎repentance, Most Merciful. ‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Beware of ‎suspicion, for suspicion is the falsest of speech. Do not eavesdrop; do not ‎spy on one another; do not envy one another; do not forsake one another; ‎do not hate one another. Be, O slaves of Allah, brothers.”‎

‎7-Islam encourages forgiveness and urges conciliation.‎

‎24: 22 Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh should ‎forgive you? And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.‎

‎4: 114. There is no good in most of their secret talks save (in) him who ‎orders Sadaqah (charity in Allâh's Cause), or Ma'rûf (Islâmic ‎Monotheism and all the good and righteous deeds which Allâh has ‎ordained), or conciliation between mankind, and he who does this, ‎seeking the good Pleasure of Allâh, We shall give him a great reward.‎

‎3: 134. Those who spend [in Allâh's Cause - deeds of charity, alms, etc.] ‎in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; ‎verily, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn (the good¬doers). ‎

‎8-Islam forbids bad language, insults, slander and backbiting.‎

‎4: 148. Allâh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except ‎by him who has been wronged. And Allâh is Ever All¬Hearer, All¬Knower. ‎

It is not permitted to curse one's children or anyone else among the ‎Muslims, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ‎said: “Trading insults with a Muslim is evildoing and fighting him is kufr ‎‎(disbelief).” And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‎‎“Cursing a believer is like killing him.”‎

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‎‎“The believer does not slander, curse, or speak in an obscene or foul ‎manner.”‎

‎104: 1. Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. ‎

‎9-Islam encourages socializing with others, individual worshiping ‎because it is sign of not showing off and hypocrisy.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “You will ‎not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you ‎love one another. Shall I not tell you of that which will strengthen love ‎between you? Spread (the greeting of) salam amongst yourselves.”‎

‎10-Islam warns against harming other Muslims.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The ‎Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe.”‎
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‎11-Islam sets a group of acts that are for the benefit of others.‎
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The rights ‎of one Muslim over another are five: returning the greeting of salam, ‎saying ‘yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)’ when he ‎sneezes, accepting invitations, visiting the sick and attending funerals.”‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:“The best of ‎companions with Allah is the one who is best to his companion, and the ‎best of neighbors with Him is the one who is best to his neighbour.”)‎

‎12-Islam forbids mischief and destruction of properties.‎

‎2: 205. And when he turns away (from you "O Muhammad ), his effort in ‎the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the ‎cattle, and Allâh likes not mischief. ‎

‎13-Islam forbids inflicting wrong upon others.‎

‎3: 57. And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) and do ‎righteous good deeds, Allâh will pay them their reward in full. And Allâh ‎does not like the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). ‎

‎33: 58. And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, ‎bear on themselves the crime of slander and plain sin. ‎

Taking another person’s property unjustly is forbidden, because the ‎Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Your blood, ‎your property and your honour are sacred to you.” And he (peace and ‎blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The property of a Muslim is not ‎permissible unless he gives his consent.” ‎

The property that is seized by force may be real estate or it may be ‎moveable goods, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be ‎upon him) said: “Whoever seizes a handspan of land unlawfully, will ‎surround him to the depth of seven earth.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Beware of ‎wrongdoing, for wrongdoing will be darkness on the Day of ‎Resurrection.” ‎

And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that Allah, may ‎He be glorified and exalted, said: “O My slaves, I have forbidden ‎wrongdoing to Myself and I have made it haraam among you, so do not ‎wrong one another.”‎

‎14-Islam forbids deceit. 4: 107. And argue not on behalf of those who ‎deceive themselves. Verily, Allâh does not like anyone who is a betrayer ‎of his trust, and indulges in crime. ‎

‎15-Islam demands fulfilling treaties even with the enemy.‎

‎ Except those of the Mushrikûn with whom you have a treaty, and ‎who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported ‎anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. ‎Surely Allâh loves Al- Muttaqûn (the pious). ‎

‎ Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allâh much; verily, then ‎Allâh loves those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2). ‎

‎16-Islam encourages patience.‎

‎ And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) ‎fought (in Allâh's Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of ‎religious learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall ‎them in Allâh's Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And ‎Allâh loves As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.). ‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said;" Whoever ‎controls his anger at the time when he has the means to act upon it, Allah ‎will fill his heart with contentment on the Day of Resurrection."‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:" The strong ‎man is not the one who can overpower others (in wrestling); rather, the ‎strong man is the one who controls himself when he gets angry.‎

‎17-Islam calls for consultation and trusting Allah before acting.‎

‎3:‎‏ ‏‎ and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a ‎decision, put your trust in Allâh, certainly, Allâh loves those who put ‎their trust (in Him).‎

‎18-Islam demands justice.‎

‎ (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So ‎if they come to you (O Muhammad), either judge between them, or turn ‎away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the ‎least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allâh ‎loves those who act justly. ‎

‎19-Islam calls for removing harmful items from the roads and ‎sidewalks.‎

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “Faith has ‎seventy-odd branches, the highest of which is saying Laa Ilaha ill-Allah ‎‎(there is go god except Allah) and the least of which is removing a ‎harmful thing from the road

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