By Shaykh Abu Adam al Naruiji
(Original source: http://sunnianswers.wordpress.com/2008/05/29/q-a-someone-asked-how-do-random-things-relate-to-the-existence-of-god/)
An agnostic asked: Some would maintain that if the universe is mostly random, having pointless moons and planes floating about, how would this randomness fit in with the concept of God who does everything for a reason?
Answer: The problem with this whole issue is that if someone asks “why did God do that?” then he is asking a question that implies a need. For, example, if I ask you, “Why did you do that?” Then your answer will always be in terms of getting some benefit or avoiding some harm. Since the Creator does not have needs, this question is irrelevant with respect to Him. That is why the Quran teaches us not to ask this question:
لا يُسْأَلُ عَمَّا يَفْعَلُ وَهُمْ يُسْأَلُون
Meaning: “He is not asked about what He does to creation, but the creation is asked.” (Al-Anbiya’, 23).
Allah does, however, instruct us of our own decreed purpose:
وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ
Meaning: “Allah did not create humans or jinn except to worship Him.”
This does not mean that He gets benefit from our worship, as also instructed in the Quran:
فَإِنَّ ٱلله غَنِيٌّ عَنِ ٱلْعَٰلَمِينَ
Meaning: “Verily Allah has absolutely no need for the worlds.” (Aal `Imraan, 97)
The agnostic said: If the Quantum physics shows us that things happen against our intuition, then how can any proof of God based upon our intuition be correct?
Answer: Intuition is not a source of certain knowledge according to Sunni Muslims, so we do not use such “proofs.” This is because it cannot be verified objectively. Rather, the sources of knowledge are our senses, true information, and the mind. The scriptures are the sources of religious knowledge, as they are perceived by the senses, judged as true by the mind, and understood by the mind.